Ebola: What are the Precautions to Take to Avoid It?

Since February 9, 2014, the guinnée recorded sixty died from contamination case Ebola. Ces virus was recorded in the prefectures of Gueckedou, Macenta, Kissidougou, and Conakry. This disease is manifested by fever, diarrhea, vomiting, severe fatigue and sometimes bleeding.

This disease which has already caused a significant number of deaths is transmitted primarily to a sick person to a healthy person and also through contaminated objects belonging to the sick or deceased persons. Also, can animals infected bush meat consumption also be a source of contamination?

Ebola can cause serious outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever in humans, with a fatality rate of up to 90%.

 

image source: wikimedia.org
image source: wikimedia.org

Transmission

The Ebola virus enters the human population through close contact with blood, secretions, organs or biological fluids of infected animals. In Africa, the infection was found after handling chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, antelopes of infected wood and porcupines found dead or sick in the rainforest.

Then it spreads from human to human transmission in the community, as a result of direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or bodily fluids of infected persons. Funeral rites, during which relatives and friends of the deceased are in direct contact with the body may also play a role in the transmission of Ebola.

 

Disease manifestations

The disease is characterized by a fever followed by generalized bleeding. It begins with: A high and prolonged fever that will not respond to the treatment of malaria or antibiotics within three days; joint aches and pains; a headache; intense weakness; nausea and vomiting; hiccups and frequent abdominal pain and diarrhea.

After 5 to 7 days, the fever will be complicated by spontaneous bleeding quickly generalized Injection eyes; bleeding from the nose, gums; vomiting blood; hematochezia; the appearance of red spots on the body due to subcutaneous bleeding; difficulty swallowing, dry throat.

Most often the patient dies after 10 to 14 days, in an array of generalized distress vital functions from heart failure and kidney failure. There is currently no effective treatment or vaccine for the disease.

 

Measures

* Do not shake hands
* Do not touch any animal found dead in the forest
* Do not handle the meat
* Do not touch unprotected vomit, blood, stool of a patient suffering or having died of Ebola
* Do not sleep with the patient from Ebola
* Do not remain unprotected near a sick Ebola
* Do not touch or handle contaminated clothing and other items
* Do not handle the clothing and linen that protected the sick and boil before washing
* Avoid the practice of any customary scarification, tattooing during the epidemic
* Do not touch and / or wash corpses
* to be injected in protective conditions prescribed by the standards in such circumstances

 

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